Myanmar failed to adopt democratic reforms

Rohingya refugees behind a barbed-wire fence in the border zone between Myanmar and Bangladesh Rohingya refugees behind a barbed-wire fence in the border zone between Myanmar and Bangladesh 2018 Ye Aung Thu/AFP/Getty Images

20 July 2020

Despite its promises to undertake significant reforms on human rights violation, Myanmar has disregarded its international obligations

Myanmar failed to honour the commitments made during the last Universal Periodic Review (UPR) in 2015, which included democratic reforms and respect for civil and political rights. Violations of human rights performed by the Myanmar's military forces persist and threaten the lives of ethnic minority groups, including Rohingya, Rakhine, Kachin, Shan, Karen, and others.

The lack of cooperation of Myanmar threatens the safety of the populations at risk in the territory. Particularly in the State of Rakhine, Myanmar is obligated under international law to comply with the International Court of Justice decisions and to provide the prevention of genocide. Nevertheless, in the territories of Rakhine and Chin States, the government has imposed internet shutdown for the past two years and the casualties due to the fight between the ethnic Arakan army and Myanmar are increasing.

Myanmar needs to answer to the United Nations (UN) and to cooperate with the Human Rights Council in order to investigate the atrocities that the people are facing. Myanmar has not met previous demands for democratic reforms and for the respect of international human rights standards and now it has to respond to them.

 

To know more, please read:

https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/07/20/myanmar-needs-answer-un-rights-body#

https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/07/1041812

https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=24783&LangID=E

http://www.losservatorio.org/en/civlians-in-conflict/web-review/item/1952-the-united-nations-urges-to-a-ceasefire-in-western-myanmar-s-conflict

https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/2020.06.28%20UN%20Statement%20on%20Rathedaung.pdf

 

Author: Carla Pintor

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